MySQL 管理工具集 percona-toolkit

apt-get install -y percona-toolkit

# 检查重复索引
pt-duplicate-key-checker –host=’sohu.dev.chenpeng.info’ –port=’43307′ –databases=’grape’

# 运行状态监控
pt-mysql-summary –host=’sohu.dev.chenpeng.info’ –port=’43307′ –databases=’grape’

# 在线修改表结构
pt-online-schema-change –host=’sohu.dev.chenpeng.info’ –port=’3306′ –alter “ADD COLUMN c1 INT” D=chenpeng_litchi,t=lc_operate_log –execute –print
pt-online-schema-change –host=’sohu.dev.chenpeng.info’ –port=’3306′ –alter “ENGINE=InnoDB” D=chenpeng_litchi,t=lc_operate_log –execute –print

# 格式化explain结果
mysql -hsohu.dev.chenpeng.info -P43307 grape -e”explain SELECT a.line_id,b.dnf_source FROM gp_report_advertiser_day a INNER JOIN gp_line b ON a.line_id=b.id WHERE a.data_date=’2016-04-10′ LIMIT 100″ | pt-visual-explain

重复索引结果示例:

# ########################################################################
# grape.gp_mars_report_advertiser_hour                                   
# ########################################################################

# line_id is a left-prefix of line_id_data_time
# Key definitions:
#   KEY `line_id` (`line_id`) USING BTREE,
#   KEY `line_id_data_time` (`line_id`,`data_time`) USING BTREE
# Column types:
#      `line_id` bigint(20) unsigned not null comment ‘??id’
#      `data_time` datetime not null comment ‘??’
# To remove this duplicate index, execute:
ALTER TABLE `grape`.`gp_mars_report_advertiser_hour` DROP INDEX `line_id`;

# ########################################################################
# grape.gp_operate_log                                                   
# ########################################################################

# related_id is a left-prefix of search3
# Key definitions:
#   KEY `related_id` (`related_id`),
#   KEY `search3` (`related_id`,`opt_datetime`),
# Column types:
#      `related_id` int(10) unsigned not null comment ‘?????id’
#      `opt_datetime` datetime not null comment ‘??????’
# To remove this duplicate index, execute:
ALTER TABLE `grape`.`gp_operate_log` DROP INDEX `related_id`;

# ########################################################################
# grape.gp_report_advertiser_hour                                        
# ########################################################################

# idx_line_id is a left-prefix of line_id_data_time
# Key definitions:
#   KEY `idx_line_id` (`line_id`),
#   KEY `line_id_data_time` (`line_id`,`data_time`),
# Column types:
#      `line_id` bigint(20) not null
#      `data_time` datetime not null
# To remove this duplicate index, execute:
ALTER TABLE `grape`.`gp_report_advertiser_hour` DROP INDEX `idx_line_id`;

# ########################################################################
# Summary of indexes                                                     
# ########################################################################

# Size Duplicate Indexes   48
# Total Duplicate Indexes  3
# Total Indexes            268

 

工具检测到gp_operate_log有重复的索引,提供以下SQL语句删除重复的索引:

ALTER TABLE `grape`.`gp_operate_log` DROP INDEX `related_id`;

 

explain简化显示示例:

root@ubuntu:/tmp/d3OnxmMr# mysql -hsohu.dev.chenpeng.info -P43307 -ugrapeuser -pfaf74223tr grape -e”explain SELECT a.line_id,b.dnf_source FROM gp_report_advertiser_day a INNER JOIN gp_line b ON a.line_id=b.id WHERE a.data_date=’2016-04-10′ LIMIT 100″ | pt-visual-explain
JOIN
+- Filter with WHERE
|  +- Bookmark lookup
|     +- Table
|     |  table          b
|     |  possible_keys  PRIMARY
|     +- Unique index lookup
|        key            b->PRIMARY
|        possible_keys  PRIMARY
|        key_len        4
|        ref            grape.a.line_id
|        rows           1
+- Index lookup
   key            a->data_date
   possible_keys  line_id,data_date
   key_len        3
   ref            const
   rows           10722

About 智足者富

http://chenpeng.info

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

您可以使用这些HTML标签和属性:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>